The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped small gland located in your throat, in front of the neck. Hyperthyroidism happens when there is extra production of thyroid hormones. The condition of extra thyroid being produced is named as thyrotoxicosis.
The thyroid produces hormones named as T3 and T4 that help the body to use the energy, maintain a temperature difference in the body, help in the functioning of heart, brain, and other organs properly. Hyperthyroidism is mostly genetic. Hyperthyroidism leads to weight loss, increased heart rate, palpitation, nervousness, depression and at times shows no symptoms at all. With no treatment, hyperthyroidism can lead to death or cause serious heart issues, bone problems, and at times thyroid cancer as well. If your immunity is too low, you need to understand that thyroid hormones are not functioning properly. At times if thyroid glands are swollen, this can result in the growth of thyroid nodules and further lead to hyperthyroidism. Diseases like Grave’s disease, autoimmune disease, etc., cause antibodies to stimulate the thyroid and secrete more of this hormone. The key ingredient in T3 and T4 is iodine, and this goes in excess that leads to hyperthyroidism. If T4 and T3 are leaking out of the gland this could lead to inflammation of the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism can also lead to a tumor in ovaries and testicles and benign tumors of the pituitary gland.
The major symptoms of hyperthyroidism are an irregular menstrual cycle, trembling of hands, feet or fingers. Hyperthyroidism leads to irritable bowel syndrome. A sign of puffy eyes is another symptom of hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland can cause goiter as well. Increased appetite, nervousness, restlessness, inability to concentrate, sleep apnea, fine hair, vomiting and nausea, itching, flaky skin, etc., are other major symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Symptoms like dizziness, shortness of breath, loss of consciousness, and irregular heartbeat need medical attention.
Treating hyperthyroidism is necessary because a high level of thyroid can be toxic. Hyperthyroidism if not diagnosed can lead up to a lot of issues ranging from sleeplessness to tumor. There are antithyroid medications which include thyronorm or thyroxine. These medicines can help balance the hormonal imbalance in one. Some people who have thyroid diagnosed after a long time can have thyroid surgery that might require radiation therapy. Certain minerals and vitamins should be included in the diet to help in balancing hormones. Low iodine treatment is mostly preferred for hyperthyroidism and radiation therapy can be done for removing the excess thyroid cells.
Foods to have if you are a hyperthyroid patient:
- Non-iodized salt
- Dairy, soy creamers, etc.
- Coffee and tea without dairy
- Egg whites
- Fresh fruits
- Unsalted nuts
- Popcorn with non-iodized salt
- Maple syrup
- Bok choy
- Bamboo shoots
- Collard greens
- Red meat
- Whole grains
- Chicken and turkey
Hyperthyroidism is treatable if diagnosed at the right time. Never forget to take your medication.