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Rheumatoid arthritis – Causes, symptoms, and treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis – Causes, symptoms, and treatment

We all are aware of the fact that rheumatoid arthritis is one of the common autoimmune diseases that can affect your whole body. This disease can cause damage to the joints, which can affect both sides of the body. This means if any joint of your hand or leg is affected on one side, then the same joint will be affected on the other. This is the main difference between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. This disease can be treated if diagnosed with an early stage; it is, hence, essential to understand the symptoms and the causes of rheumatoid arthritis

Causes
The primary cause of this disease is the malfunctioning of the immune system. It attacks the lining of the membranes that surround the joints of the body, which are known as the synovium. This attack on the membranes causes inflammation in the synovium, which results in the thickening of the synovium. This thickening results in the damage of the bone and cartilage of the joints. It will then cause the stretching and weakening of the tendons and ligaments, which hold the joints together. This will make the joint to lose its shape and alignment.

Symptoms

  • Many people may experience swelling, pain, and stiffness while suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis will result in symmetrical joint involvement.
  • Some people may experience the deformity of the joints.
  • In rheumatoid arthritis, many people experience unsteadiness while walking.
  • Most of the people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis may experience a general feeling of being unwell most of the times.
  • You may also experience a fever while suffering from this type of arthritis.
  • Degradation in mobility and functioning is also a major symptom.
  • Many people having rheumatoid arthritis experience weight loss.
  • Weakness is another common symptom experienced by many individuals having rheumatoid arthritis condition.

Treatment
The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis generally includes various medications, different exercises, and physiotherapies suggested by the doctors.

  • Medications
    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the medications, which are usually prescribed to patients with rheumatoid arthritis. These medications generally decrease the inflammation and pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis, but they may not assist in slowing down the condition. Some over-the-counter medications consist of naproxen and ibuprofen. Some of the high doses of these medications can be obtained as prescription medicines.
    Other medications utilized to treat this condition are disease-modifying antirheumatic medications. These medications help in the modification of the disease. These drugs include Arava, Azulfidine, Plaquenil, and methotrexate.
    Biologics are the medications that are prescribed by the doctors when no other medicines work on this condition.
  • Surgery
    Many people having extreme pain are suggested with a surgical procedure to treat this condition. This includes knee replacement surgery, hip surgery, and other joint surgeries.

Many people are suggested with some physical and occupational therapies to treat this condition and get relief from the pain caused by this condition.

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