Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressive disease that affects the central nervous system, causing damage to the myelin sheath that protects nerve fibers. It is a challenging condition that can be difficult to diagnose, and early detection is crucial to managing symptoms and preventing long-term disability. Fortunately, there are now several medications available to treat MS, including Enspryng, Mayzent, Edaravone, and Ocrevus (ocrelizumab), which has been approved by the MS Society and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of primary-progressive MS. Ocrevus is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets CD20 positive B lymphocytes ( a type of white blood cell), which contribute to nerve damage in MS. The MS Society company is an excellent resource for information and support for those living with MS. In this article, we will discuss six early warning signs of MS and the treatments to consider:
1. Vision problems
Blurred or double vision is a common symptom of MS, and it occurs when the inflammation damages the optic nerve. This can lead to difficulty seeing in low light, blurry vision, and a loss of color vision.
Fatigue is a common symptom of MS, and it can affect daily life significantly. It is different from regular tiredness and can be so severe that it affects a person’s ability to function.
3. Numbness and tingling
Numbness and tingling in the limbs, face, and other areas of the body are often the first symptoms of MS. This occurs when the immune system attacks the protective covering of the nerves.
4. Muscle weakness
Muscle weakness is another common symptom of MS. It can affect any part of the body and can cause difficulty walking, lifting objects, and other everyday activities.
5. Difficulty with balance and coordination
MS can affect the cerebellum, the part of the brain responsible for balance and coordination. This can cause dizziness, stumbling, and difficulty with fine motor skills.
6. Cognitive impairment
MS can cause cognitive impairment, such as problems with memory, attention, and problem-solving. This can affect a person’s ability to work, socialize, and perform daily tasks.
7. Treatments for MS
There are several medications available to treat MS, including Enspryng, Mayzent, and Edaravone. These drugs can help manage symptoms, reduce the frequency and severity of relapses, and slow disease progression. In addition to medication, lifestyle habits such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress management can help manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life. The MS Society offers resources and support for those living with MS, including access to healthcare professionals and support groups.
Early detection and treatment of MS is crucial to managing symptoms and preventing long-term disability. It is essential to be aware of the early warning signs of MS and seek medical attention if any of these symptoms occur. Medications such as Ocrevus, Enspryng, Mayzent, and Edaravone can help manage symptoms and slow disease progression. Lifestyle habits such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress management can also help manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life. The MS Society is an excellent resource for information and support for those living with MS.